Autism and ABA
1 in 54 children are diagnosed with autism
What is autism?
Autism is a complex neuro-behavioral condition that includes impairments in social interaction and developmental language and communication skills combined with rigid, repetitive behaviors. Because of the range of symptoms, this condition is now called autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It covers a large spectrum of symptoms, skills and levels of impairment. ASD ranges in severity from deficits that somewhat limits an otherwise normal life to a devastating disability that may require intense intervention.
How does autism affect their education?
Diagnosed usually by the age of 3. Early intervention is crucial to their development.
No two children with autism display the same skill sets and/or challenges.
Most educators are not trained to address complex needs.
What is ABA?
ABA stands for Applied Behaviour Analysis. It is a branch of psychology that involves analyzing and modifying human behaviour. ABA is the application of the science of behaviour to increase or decrease a particular skill/behaviour, to improve the quality of a skill/behaviour, or to teach a new skill/behaviour.
ABA focuses on breaking skills/behaviours down into small discrete steps, and then teaching each step in a structured and hierarchical fashion, providing guidance in the form of prompts with a reinforcement based approach.
The principles of ABA have been around for some time, and have multiple uses outside the scope of teaching children with autism. ABA can be the basis of programs addressing a wide range of human behaviour.
It is simply just good teaching practices!